Why Saffron is the Most Expensive Spice in the World?

20-Amazing-Benefits-Of-Saffron-For-Skin-Hair-And-Health Saffron is produced from the saffron crocus flower (Crocus sativus). It is actually the dried stigmas (which are the insides of a flower that catch pollen) and has a deep auburn color and sweet flavor. It contains more than 150 compounds, many of which have medicinal properties. This colorful spice is a good source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, selenium, iron, zinc and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Iron is essential for red blood cell production, and manganese helps regulate blood sugar, metabolize carbohydrates, and absorb calcium. It also helps form tissues, bones, and sex hormones. Saffron extract has been shown to be capable of inhibiting and/or retarding the growth of tumors laboratory studies have shown that this spice acts as an antioxidant, fights inflammation, modulates the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, protects nerve cells, benefits artery health, and more.


Why Saffron is the Most Expensive Spice in the World?

If you have ever bought saffron for a recipe, you know that it isn’t cheap. So, why this spice is so damn expensive? This is because the cultivation and harvest is still performed as it was since ancient times: by hand. Elderly village women are usually set on this task of removing the saffron “threads.” Each flower has 3 stigmas and each stigma must be handpicked to maintain the stigma’s integrity. Sounds simple enough. Except that crocuses are only in bloom for one to two weeks in the fall, and the stigmas are so delicate that the crocus flowers must be removed from the plants early in the morning so that the sun and wind of the day won’t damage the stigmas. Once acre (that’s about 80.000 flowers) are needed to obtain 1 pound of this expensive spice. 14.000 threads equals 1 ounce of saffron. A pound of saffron costs between $1600 and $5000.

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